General Knowledge

General Knowledge Indian History

561 . We know of two successive dynasties of the Kushanas. Who founded them?
The first dynasty was founded by Kadphises I and the second by Kanishka.

562 . From where did the Hoysala dynasty rule?
Dorasamudra (or Dwarasamudra). The Hoysalas succeeded the Chalukyas of Kalyana as the leading power of the Mysore area.

563 . He worked throughout his life for the uplift of the 'untouchables'. He was the law minister in the interim government. He was the Chairman of the Constituent Assembly's Drafting Committee. Who was he?
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar.

564 . When did Mahatma Gandhi arrive in India from South Africa?
1915 (January).

565 . Chandragupta II was also known as?

566 . Amritsar was founded by?
Guru Ram Das

567 . In which script were a majority of the Ashoka inscriptions written?
Brahmi. Brahmi script was used in the whole of the country, except the northwest.

568 . What is the Gandhara art also known as?
Indo-Greek. The Gandhara sculptures drew their inspiration from the Hellenic (Greek) art of Asia Minor.

569 . Name the king of Mewar who is said to have built thirty two forts during his reign?

570 . What theme does Vishakhadatta's play, Mudrarakshasa, deal with?
The strategies adopted by Chanakya against the enemies of Chandragupta Maurya.
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571 . When was Bengal first partitioned by the British, leading to wide-spread agitation?
In 1905.

572 . From which area have the potato and tobacco been introduced into India?
Central America. By the Portuguese.

573 . What was the contribution of the Greeks to Indian theatre techniques?
The use of curtain was borrowed from the Greeks. The curtain was called'Yavanika'.

574 . Where did Seleucus Nikator rule?
Babylon. He gradually extended his empire from the Mediterranean Sea to the Indus.

575 . What was the Uttarapatha?
It was the route that was used for trade. It ran from Taksha-shila to Broach on the Western coast.

576 . Which Mughal Emperor adopted the Zoroastrian practice of Navroz?

577 . What title did Alauddin Hasan adopt at his coronation?
Alauddin Hasan Bahman Shah. He is supposed to have adopted the name Bahman Shah as a mark of respect for a Brahmin in whose service he had risen to greatness.

578 . The meaning of the word'Babar' is?

579 . Who threw a bomb in the Central Legislative Assembly?
Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt (on April 9, 1929).Their aim in throwing a bomb in the Central Legislative Assembly was, as their leaflet pointed out,'to make the deaf hear'. Not to hurt anyone.

580 . The Bardoli satyagraha was started by?
Mahatma Gandhi
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581 . Who was the Peshwa during the third battle of Panipat?
Peshwa Balaji Baji Rao.

582 . Two popular assemblies used to control the affairs of the Vedic kingdoms. Name them.?
Sabha: - Body of the elders. Constituted of               Brahmins and rich patrons. Samiti: - An assembly of common people.          Meant for the discharge of administration.

583 . What was the most important public place in Mohenjodaro?
It was the Great Bath. It was probably used for ritual bathing.

584 . According to legend, who succeeded Samudragupta?
His son Rama Gupta. He was a weak ruler who surrendered his wife to a Shaka tyrant. Her honour was saved by the younger brother of Rama Gupta, Chandra Gupta, who killed the Shaka ruler, replaced his brother on the throne and married Dhruvadevi.

585 . Jehangir was succeeded by?

586 . Who organised the society of Khudai Khidmatgars (servants of god)?
Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan.

587 . Who was hired by a group of Porbandar Muslims (who were working in Natal, South Africa) as their lawyer in!893?
M.K. Gandhi.

588 . Jalianwala Bagh Massacre took place at?

589 . Who was the Maratha general who repeatedly fought against die British during die 1857 revolt and later kept harassing the British with guerrilla warfare till he was betrayed by Mansingh and hanged by the British?

590 . What was the title adopted by Ahmed Shah Abdali when he crowned himself ruler of Afghanistan?
Durr-i-Durran, 'The pearl of the age.' His clan came to be known as Durrani.
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591 . At what age did Sher Shah ascend the throne of Delhi?
At 67 years.

592 . Which European power established itself at chandernagore and Pondicherry?
The French.

593 . To which country did Subhas Chandra Bose escape to carry on the Freedom Struggle?
Germany. He escaped from Calcutta (Kolkata) and travelled through Peshawar, reaching Kabul via Jalalabad. From there he went to Russia (with an Italian passport) and then to Berlin from Moscow.

594 . The Sangama dynasty (1336 -1485), the Saluva dynasty (1485 - 1505) the Tuluva dynasty (1505 -1570), and the Aravidu dynasty (1570 - 1649). These dynasties ruled over, in the sequence given, the same kingdom. Which kingdom are we talking about?
Vijayanagara Empire.

595 . An accomplished and rich dancer gave away her mango-grove to the Sangha of Buddha and became his disciple. Name her.?

596 . Shankaracharya was associated with which movement?

597 . When did Mahatma Gandhi become the President of the Indian National Congress?

598 . Who were executed on March 23, 1931?
Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru in Lahore prison.

599 . Who devised the system of'Subsidiary Alliances'?
Lord Wellesley. By using Subsidiary Alliances Lord Wellesley saw to it that the Indian princes remained helpless and would soon be unable to govern their territory without the help of the British army.

600 . How were the foreign elements like Shaka, Pahlava and the Kushanas assimilated into Indian society?
Since they came as conquerors they were classified as Kshatriyas.
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