General Knowledge

General Knowledge Indian History


521 . Over which part of India did Queen Didda (980-1003)rule?
Kashmir.

522 . Which great Chola Emperor started the tradition of installing epigraphs with historical introductions?
Rajaraja Chola.

523 . Who was the Mughal Governor of Deccan who was instructed by Aurangazeb to invade Shivaji's territories?
Shaista Khan.

524 . According to tradition who were Harihara I and Bukka I serving before founding the Vijayanagara Empire?
Prataparudra of Warangal.

525 . What is the importance of the Khyber and Bolan passes in Indian history?
The land route between India and West Asia lies through these passes.

526 . Himu, in the battle of Panipat, gained initial success against the Mughal forces. How did the tide turn in the favour of the Mughals?
A chance arrow struck Himu in the eye rendering him unconscious. Deprived of his leadership his soldiers dispersed in confusion.

527 . The last king of Maurya dynasty was?
Brihadratha

528 . What were the reasons why the British wanted to secure Bombay from the Portuguese?
Those controlling Bombay controlled trade on the west coast. And there was no interference from either the Mughals or the Marathas on this sea.

529 . Which Mughal Emperor became a pensioner of the Marathas in 1771?
ShahAlam.

530 . Who founded the Swarajya party?
Chitta Ranjan Das and Motilal Nehru.
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531 . What is the Milinda Panha?
It is a book, which records the conversation between Nagarjuna and Menander. Milinda Panha literally means Questions by Milinda.

532 . Who said the following and in what context'.... in the sky of India, serene as it is, a small cloud might arise, at first no bigger than a man's hand but which growing larger and larger, may at last threaten to burst and overwhelm us with ruin.'?
Lord Canning. He was referring to the situation in India just prior to he Revolt of 1857.

533 . He was born in 1889 at Allahabad. He was sent to England for studies and returned to India in 1912. He made his first appearance on the Congress platform as a delegate in 1912 at the Bankipore session. In 1923 he was elected General Secretary of the Congress. Who was he?
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.

534 . Ashoka invaded Kalinga in the year?
261 BC

535 . The capital of the state of Travancore became an important centre of Sanskrit scholarship towards the later half of the 18th century. How do we know it today?
Thiruvanthapuram (Trivandrum).

536 . What religion did Kharavela patronise?
Jainism.

537 . Battle of Panipat was faught in?
1761 AD

538 . Who were the first two kings of the Vijayanagara Empire?
Harihara (1336-1356), Bukka I (1356-1377).

539 . What is the literal meaning of Mohenjodaro?
Mound of the dead.

540 . When did Gandhiji start his Dandi March?
Marchl2,1930.
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541 . Why were temples the main target of Mahmud of Ghazni?
They had immense wealth stockpiled.

542 . Who sent Megasthenes as his ambassador to the Mauryan Court?
Seleucus Nikator.

543 . Who persuaded Shivaji to visit Aurangazeb at Agra?
Raja Jai Singh of Amber.

544 . What was the Wood's Despatch? What is its significance?
Sir Charles Wood sent an educational despatch that formed the basis of the subsequent development of university education in India. Based on the principles outlined in Wood's Despatch three universities were established in India in Calcutta (Kolkata}, Bombay (Mumbai) and Madras (Chennai).

545 . Who founded the Bahmani Kingdom?
Alauddin Hasan also called Hasan Gangu

546 . What was unique about the personal bodyguards of the Maurya rulers?
They were women.

547 . Vijayasthamba is located at?
Chittoor Fort

548 . Before the battle of Tarain, Prithviraj Chauhan appealed for help from the rajas of North India. One prominent ruler refused any. Who was this ruler?
Jaichandra of Kanauj.

549 . Lala Lajpat Rai was also known as?
Lion of Punjab

550 . Who wrote the novel, 'Anand Math'?
Bankim Chandra Chatterji
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551 . When did the Shaka era begin in India?
78A.D.

552 . He was born in Cuttack in 1897. He ranked 4lh in the ICS (the forerunner of the IAS) exam but resigned. He was elected President of the Indian National Congress in 1938 and 1939, in spite of opposition from Mahatma Gandhi. He organised the Azad Hind Fauj founded by Ras Behari Bose. Who was he?
Subhas Chandra Bose.

553 . Battle of Plassey was fought in?
1757 AD

554 . Ashoka died in the year?
232 BC

555 . Which ruler introduced the concept of token currency in India?
Muhammad Bin Tughlaq.

556 . What title did Himu adopt after he occupied Agra and Delhi by defeating its Mughal governor?
Raja Vikramaditya

557 . Who gave the first call for the freedom struggle in 1857?
Mangal Pandey.

558 . Where did Aurobindo Ghosh begin to live after renouncing an active political life?
In Pondicherry from 1910 till the end 1950.

559 . Mahmud Ghazni was the son of?
Sabaktageen

560 . The Razmnama in Persian was a compilation by several scholars. Of which Hindu epic was this a translation?
Mahabharata
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