General Knowledge

General Knowledge Indian History


441 . Of the five Siddhantas (Indian astronomical works) two are said to be of Western origin. Which?
Romaka Siddhanta and Paulisa Siddhanta. This shows that Indian astronomy was considerably influenced by Western thoughts.

442 . Who fought the second battle of Tarain in 1192 A,D?
Prithviraj Chauhan and Muhammad Ghori.

443 . Who succeeded Chandra Gupta II?
His son Kumara Gupta, who ruled from AD 415 to 455.

444 . Who coined the slogan'Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan'?
Lal Bahadur Shastri. The slogan became immensely popular and was soon on the lips of almost every Indian.

445 . What was the most important difference between the British and other conquerors of India?
Previous invaders became an integral part of India, whereas the British always maintained their own identity.

446 . Over which part of present-day India did the Pala dynasty rule?
Bengal.

447 . What is the meaning of the word'Satyagraha'?
Satyagraha consists of two words : Satya (truth) and agraha (insistence). The term was coined by Mahatma Gandhi.

448 . What script did Ashoka use in the inscriptions of the Northwest of India?
Kharoshti script.

449 . The Indian Association was formed in 1876 at?
Calcutta

450 . From whom did the Portuguese capture Goa?
Sultan of Bijapur.
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451 . The construction of Qutb Minar in Delhi was completed by?
Ala-ud-din

452 . Why did Muhammad-bin-Tughluq shift his capital from Delhi?
He shifted his capital to Deogir (Deogiri) because it held a central position in the empire and therefore, would be safe from Mongol invasions.

453 . What articles of trade was the kingdom of Golconda known for?
Diamonds and textiles.

454 . The Akal Takht was built by?
Guru Hargobind

455 . Which Gupta ruler performed the Ashwamedha yajna?
Samudra Gupta.

456 . According to Buddhist sources, a dreaded dacoit had a transformation of heart and took refuge in Buddha's Dhamma. Who was he?
Angulimala.

457 . What did India import from China (during the medieval period)?
Porcelain, raw silk.

458 . What is Jnaneshwari?
The free rendering of the Gita in Marathi, along with elucidation.

459 . From which language is the word 'Sindoora' (vermilion) derived?
Chinese. (From the Chinese word Tsin-sung.)

460 . The Chinese traveller who visited India during the reign of Harshavardhana was?
Hieun Tsang
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461 . Guru Gobind Singh was born in?
1666 AD

462 . Name Aurangzeb's daughter who wrote under the pen name Makhi and produced a collection of poems.?
Zebunnisa.

463 . The Governor General who abolished Sati was?
Lord William Bentinck

464 . Who was the President of the Congress in 1947 at the time of Independence?
Rajendra Prasad.

465 . Where was Buddha born?
Buddha was born in the royal grove in Lumbini near Kapilavastu.

466 . In which language did Surdas sing?
Brij.

467 . Who were the adversaries in the battle of Wandiwash?
The British and the French. The supremacy of the British was thoroughly established as the consequences of this battle.

468 . The most famous king of Vijayanagar Empire was?
Krishnadevaraya

469 . The tenth Guru of the sikhs was?
Guru Gobind Singh

470 . Ramanuja preached the philosophy of?
Vishishtadvaita
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471 . Who were Lichchhavis? What are they known for?
Lichchhavis ruled over a vast area from Magadha to Nepal. They were best known for the democracy they practised. It would not be correct to compare it with democracy as understood today. Some preferred to call it oligarchy.

472 . The `Khalsa' at Anandpur Sahib was founded by?
Guru Gobind Singh

473 . What was the name the Greeks used to refer to Ambhi?
Omphis.

474 . Who was the Mughal queen whose name was written on all the imperial Mughal farmans of her time and inscribed on coins?
Nur Jahan.

475 . What are the four sources of Law according to the law giver, Manu?
a. Sruti or the Vedas. b. Smriti (expanded version of the Dharma     shastras). Smriti is also regarded as the only     authentic source of Hindu Law and social     customs, c. Customs of holy men d. One's own inclination.

476 . Who was the first Indian ruler defeated by Mahmud of Ghazni?
Jayapala of the Hindushahi dynasty.

477 . Buddhism was divided into two sects. What were they?
Mahayana: - The Great wheel. Hinayana: - The Lesser wheel.

478 . Who succeeded Chandra Gupta I?
Samudragupta.

479 . Who were the adversaries at the Battle of Plassey?
The British fought Siraj-ud-Daulah the Nawab of Bengal.

480 . Under whose rule did Magadha first attain prominence?
Bimbisara. According to Ashwaghosha, Bimbisara belonged to the Haryanka dynasty.
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