General Knowledge

General Knowledge Indian History


401 . Whom did King Prataparudra consider as his guru?
Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.

402 . Between 1649 and 1655 Shivaji suspended offensive operations against Bijapur. Why did he do so?
His father had been arrested and was released only on the condition that Shivaji suspend his military activities.

403 . Who was commissioned by Akbar to write the history of his reign?
AbulFazI.

404 . The Shakas and the Kushanas completely identified themselves with Indian culture. What factors helped them in this?
They did not have a script of their own nor did they have any organised religion.

405 . He was the Principal of die Sanskrit College in Calcutta and opened its gates to non-Brahmin students. He was a great proponent of widow-remarriages and the first lawful Hindu widow remarriage among the upper castes was celebrated under his supervision. Who was he?
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar.

406 . Who wrote the Telugu version of the Mahabharata?
Nanniah. Though he began the work it was eventually completed by Tikkanna.

407 . What were the European Factories that are referred to in Indian history?
Factories were nothing but fortified trading stations established by the European powers in India.

408 . Who was the Governor General of India who added the maximum extent of Indian territories to the East India Company?
Lord Dalhousie

409 . Who succeeded Mir Jaffar to the throne of Bengal?
Mir Kasim, his son-in-law.

410 . Who was the guru of Harihara and Bukka?
Vidyaranya. He was the one who readmitted them into the Hindu fold.
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411 . Who was the 18th century Hindu ruler who performed two Asvamedha sacrifices?
Sawai Jai Singh of Amber.

412 . Dalhousie became the Governor-General in?
1848 AD

413 . Who were the signatories to the treaty of Seringapatam (Srirangapatnam)?
Tipu Sultan and the British.

414 . Who led the Santhals who were armed with only bows and arrows?
BirsaMunda.

415 . Who founded the city of Hyderabad?
Mohammad Quli Qutub Shah.

416 . To which dynasty did Gautamiputra Shatakarni belong?
Shatavahanas.

417 . Who fought the third Battle of Panipat?
Ahmad Shah Abdali and the Marathas (on 14th Jan 1761).

418 . How do we better know'Sakyamuni' (Shakyamuni)?
Buddha.

419 . What was the Khilafat movement?
The Sultan of Turkey, who was the Caliph, was deposed after World War I. The Khilafat Movement was launched in India to defend the prestige of the Caliph.

420 . Rabindranath tagore was born in?
1861 AD
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421 . The city of Fatehpur Sikri was built by?
Akbar

422 . What was the chief reason for the difference between Hindustani and Camatic music?
The introduction of Persian scales in Hindustani music led to the difference.

423 . What was the immediate cause of the revolt?
The introduction of the New Enfield Rifle whose cartridges were believed to be greased with the fat of cows and pigs. Both Hindus and Muslims resented this.

424 . What is Theravada in the context of Buddhism?
It is a major form of Buddhism prevalent in Sri Lanka, Burma, Cambodia, Laos and Thailand.

425 . Who was the ruler of Malwa, who was defeated by the Mughal forces?
Baz Bahadur. He was a master musician and an accomplished poet. There were also stories of his romance with the beautiful and talented Roopmati.

426 . Who took care of Shah Jahan when he was kept imprisoned by Aurangzeb?
Jahanara, Shah Jahan's daughter.

427 . Why did Subhas Bose resign from the Presidentship of the Congress in 1939?
He did so because of opposition from Gandhiji.

428 . Who or what are the 'Uttariya' and 'Antariya'?
In ancient India, antariya (dhoti) a lower garment was worn by all common people. Uttariya was the garment that covered the upper part of the body. In addition to these the well-to-do people wore Prapata around the waist. Around the prapata, the rich wore Rasana, usually of gold. Ushneesha was used to cover the head and Stanapatta was worn to cover the breasts.

429 . Who was responsible for the partition of Bengal in 1905?
Lord Curzon.

430 . Samudragupta is represented on coins as playing a particular musical instrument. Which musical instrument is that?
Veena.
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431 . What form of worship did Chaitanya Mahaprabhu popularise?
Kirtans.

432 . Who founded the Arya Samaj?
Swami Dayananda Saraswati in 1875.

433 . What was the capital of the Bahmani kingdom?
Gulbarga.

434 . Into which group of people were the Huns assimilated by the Indian society?
The Rajputs.

435 . With which modern township would you identify the ancient port of Suppara (also known as Surparaka)?
Nala Sopara an extended suburb of modern Mumbai.

436 . Gandhiji's mother was?
Puthali Bai

437 . Which city did Harsha make his capital?
Kanauj.

438 . Where did Sher Shah build a Mausoleum for himself?
Sasaram. (InBihar)

439 . In ancient times this river was called Shatadru. How do we know it now?
Sutlej.

440 . What was the image on the royal seal of the Guptas?
Garuda.
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