General Knowledge

General Knowledge Indian History


321 . On the banks of which river did Harappa lie?
Ravi. Mohenjodaro was on the bank of the Sindhu (Indus.)

322 . Who was the Viceroy at the time of Indepenence?
Lord Louis Mountbatten.

323 . In the Mauryan times if someone were referring to the Karshapana, what would he be talking about?
The Karshapana was a copper coin that was in use during the Mauryan times. Dharana was a Silver coin and the Kakani were smaller copper coins.

324 . Which was the seat of power of the Pallava dynasty?
Kanchipuram. The Pallavas founded the first great empire in south India. Under the Pallavas, Kanchi became a great centre of Brahminical and Buddhist learning.

325 . The Rowlatt Act was passed in the year?
1919 AD

326 . Beloved of the gods' and'of amiable appearance'. Ashoka used these titles in his inscriptions. Can you give the original titles?
Devanampiya' and'Piyadassi' (Devanampriya and Priyadarshin).

327 . Who wrote the Buddha Charita?
Ashvaghosha.

328 . The Revolt of 1857 started in Meerut. To which regiment did the Sepoys belong?
3rd Cavalry.

329 . Over which kingdom did Ahalyabai rule?
Indore.

330 . What are Abhangs? Who composed them?
Abhang literally means unbroken. Unbroken rhymes were referred to as Abhangs. Tukaram is best known for his Abhangs. Many saints that came after him also composed Abhangs.
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331 . Which language did the Turks introduce into India?
Persian.

332 . Shivaji died at age of?
50 years

333 . What was the name of RanaPratap's horse?
Chetak.

334 . Near which fort, acquired early in his career, did Shivaji build Raigarh?
Torna.

335 . Who was the Jesuit missionary who held personal discussions with Akbar?
Anthony Monserrate.

336 . Who was Gopal Ganesh Agarkar?
He was a social reformer of Maharashtra. He was the founder editor of Kesari, but later concentrated on a new newspaper he started called Sudharak.

337 . Who helped Chandragupta Maurya defeat the Nanda rulers?
Kautilya also called Chanakya.

338 . The English secured the Diwani of Bengal from the Mughal Emperor Shah Alam. This Diwani was however different from the existing practice by the Mughals. In what respect?
The English got their Diwani rights permanently as opposed to the practice of limited tenure. Also under the Mughal system the office was given to an individual.

339 . The first Governor-General of Bengal under the East India Company was?
Warren Hastings

340 . Marco Polo was a traveller (from Venice) who is very well known for his adventures. Which south Indian dynasty does he mention in his travelogues?
The Kakatiya dynasty.
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341 . How do we better know Narendranath Datta?
Swami Vivekananda.

342 . Home Rule Movement was started by?
Annie Besant

343 . Who became the Peshwa after the Battle of Panipat?
Madhav Rao. After the death of Balaji Baji Rao.

344 . Ashoka was born in?
269 BC

345 . Which British general defeated Haider Ali?
EyreCooteinJuly 1781.

346 . On the basis of the Dhamma that Ashoka propagated, what is'Shusrusha'?
Shusrusha meant obedience to father, mother, teacher and men of high caste.

347 . What are the Vedangas?
The limbs of the Vedas. It was necessary to learn the Vedanga to understand the Vedas. The Vedangas were : a) Shiksha (phonetics) b) Kalpa (rituals) c) Vyakarana d) Nirukta (etymology) e) Chhanda (metrics) f) Jyotisha (astronomy)

348 . Karikala Chola founded a famous city. What was it?
Puhar. Identified with Kaveripatnam the Chola capital.

349 . What is the region of Kamrup known in modern India?
Assam.

350 . Who was the only woman to ascend the throne of Delhi?
Razia Sultana.
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351 . What did Mahatma Gandhi describe as a post-dated cheque?
The Cripps offer of Independence.

352 . The first British Governor General of free India was?
Lord Mountbatten

353 . The capital of Mysore during the rule of Tipu Sultan was?
Srirangapatnam

354 . Who was the first Governor General of Bengal?
Warren Hastings.

355 . He was a watchmaker by profession and had come to India from Netherlands in 1800. He however spent his entire life promoting education in India. He founded the Hindu College in Calcutta to take forward his ideas. Who was he?
David Hare.

356 . Which Act passed by the British was termed the Gagging Act?
The Vernacular Press Act, 1878. This Act empowered a magistrate to stop a publisher from publishing anything that would create disaffection against the government.

357 . King Charles II of England married the Portuguese princess Catherine of Braganza. How did this event affect Indian history?
The Portuguese transferred the islands that make up modern Mumbai to the British as the dowry of Catherine.

358 . The full name of Shahjehan was?
Khurram Shihabuddin Mohammed Shahjehan

359 . Who systematised the rules of Sanskrit grammar (4 Century BC) in the work Ashtadhyayi?
Panini.

360 . At whose request did Alberuni travel to India?
Mahmudof Ghazni.
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