General Knowledge

General Knowledge Indian History


241 . He was born in 1856 in Ratnagiri. He was one of the founders of the Poona New English School. In 1908 he was sentenced to 6 years imprisonment in Mandalay. He died in August 1920. Who is he?
Bal Gangadhar Tilak.

242 . Who wrote Ain-i-Akbari?
Abul Fazl. It is a work which deals with regulations issued by Akbar.

243 . What does the word 'Sangam' refer to in Tamil History?
It is the literary assembly of Tamil scholars held at Madurai under the patronage of the Pandyan Kings.

244 . Who were the'Alvars' in Tamil Nadu?
They were the devotees of Vishnu.

245 . Among the other things, what were the precious articles Nadir Shah carried away from India?
The Koh-i-noor diamond and the Peacock throne.

246 . Whom did Chandragupta Maurya defeat to establish his kingdom?
The Nanda dynasty of Magadha.

247 . Why is the term'Slave dynasty' an inaccurate term?
Only three sultans (Qutbuddin Aibak, Iltutmish and Balban) were slaves, and later even they were released from slavery by their masters. They were slaves, but only in the early part of their lives.

248 . The British created the Kingdom of Satara out of the Peshwa's lands. Who was it given to?
A descendant of Chhatrapati Shivaji.

249 . What was the new mode of warfare introduced by Babur in India?
Extensive use of gunpowder. Though gunpowder was known in India, it was not used as skilfully and in combination with cavalry as Babur did.

250 . Jehangir died in the year?
1627 AD
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251 . After Delhi fell to the British during the revolt of 1857 what brutal act did the British officer Hodson commit?
He shot dead the sons of Bahadur Shah at point blank range.

252 . In ancient times, who were the foreigners who were called Yavanas?
The Greeks. The word was derived from the Old Persian form of the word 'Yauna', signifying originally the Ionian Greeks, but later, all people of Greek nationality. In the medieval times it came to be used for all foreigners irrespective of their place of origin.

253 . Who invented the decimal place value system?
Aryabhata invented the decimal place value system. Scholars hold that it cannot be said with certainty that the system was invented by Aryabhata. It seems it was known to astronomers who came before him.

254 . The last king of the Vijayanagar empire was?
Rama Raya

255 . Kabir was the disciple of?
Ramanand

256 . The political teacher of shivaji was?
Dadoji Konddev

257 . Rani padmini was?
Queen of Rana Ratna simha,the king of Chittoor

258 . Vijayanagar kingdom was situated on the banks of river?
Tungabhadra

259 . A particular dance form gained prominence during the Vijayanagara period. What was the dance form?
Yakshagana.

260 . Which Mughal Prince had the Gita translated into Persian?
Dara Shukoh (also spelt Shikoh).
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261 . Identify the person who was in charge of Mohammad of Ghori's possessions in India.?
Qutbuddin Aibak.

262 . Who was Buddha's personal physician?
Jivaka. Jivaka was the personal physician of Bimbisara. During his visit to Buddha, Bimbisara offered the services of Jivaka, who became Buddha's personal physician.

263 . Who were the Ajivikas?
They were one of the prominent religious sects during the time of Mahavira and Buddha.

264 . What is the modern name for the ancient city of Purushapura?
Peshawar.

265 . How did Sher Shah die?
Sher Shah died due to an accidental explosion of gunpowder while attempting to capture the fort Kalinjar in 1545.

266 . The first Indian ruler who prohibited Sati was?
Akbar

267 . Who wrote the Ramayana in Tamil?
Kamban.

268 . Who built a new city at Delhi called Dinpanah?
Humayun.

269 . Golconda, the world famous kingdom was built on the ruins of an old Hindu Kingdom. Which one?
Warangal.

270 . The Golden Temple was built by?
Guru Arjan Dev
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271 . Where is Babur buried?
He is buried in Kabul.

272 . In tne year 1798,who was appointed as the Governor-General?
Wellesley

273 . Who was the first sultan of Delhi to pay his soldiers in cash?
Alauddin Khalji.

274 . Who did Iltutmish nominate as his successor?
His daughter Razia.

275 . The Hindu kingdom of Champa flourished outside the present boundaries of India. Where would the kingdom be located in today's context?
Vietnam. During this period, the country was considered a great centre of Vedic education.

276 . Greek sources refer to him as Sandrocottus (Androcottus). How do we know him?
Chandragupta Maurya.

277 . Over which area of India did Rashtrakutas rule?
Northern Maharashtra.

278 . What was the occupation of Himu (also spelt Hemu) before he rose to prominence in politics?
He was a grocer.

279 . Who founded the city of Jaipur?
Raja Sawai Jai Singh of Amber.

280 . For how long did Razia rule?
About three and a half years.
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