General Knowledge

General Knowledge Indian History


1. Who wrote Uttara-Rama-Charitam?
Bhavabhuti.

2. Which dynasty succeeded the dynasty of Bimbisara?
The Shishunagas. They conquered the kingdom of Avanti, and made it a part of the Magadhan empire.

3. Who were the sons of Shah Jahan?
Dara Shikoh (also Shukoh), Shuja Murad and Aurangzeb.

4. Where and when did Mahavira pass away?
In 468 B.C at Pavapuri, in modern Bihar.

5. Who is called the 'Mother of the Indian Revolution'?
Madam Bhikhaji Rustam K.R. Cama.

6. Jehangir was known for his?
Justice

7. In which book would you find the famous Gayatri mantra?
Rigveda.

8. The English obtained the royal Farman from the Nawabs of Bengal in 1717. There was one privilege in the Farman that was to prove an irritant. What was the privilege?
The freedom to export and import goods in Bengal without paying customs duties.

9. When and where did the first Congress session take place?
1885, Bombay. Goculdas Tejpal Auditorium.

10. The Choda Ganga dynasty of Orissa was responsible for the construction of some famous temples. Can you identify them?
The Jagannath temple at Puri and the Sun Temple at Konark.
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11. At which session was a resolution passed which declared'Poorna Swaraj' (total freedom) as the Congress objective?
At the session held at Lahore, 1929.

12. Which city in ancient India was famous for its textile industry?
Mathura

13. What does the term 'dwija' mean?
'Dwija' describes those who wear the sacred thread after Upanayanam. Literally 'Dwija' means twice-born.

14. Who were the only two leading men of Siraj-ud-Daulah's court who took active part in the Battle of Plassey?
Mir Madan and Mohan Lal.

15. Who was the leader, whose death led Bhagat Singh, Azad and Rajguru to assassinate the British police officer Saunders?
Lala Lajpat Rai.

16. Humayun attacked and besieged the fort of Chunar because it commanded the route between Agra and the east. Who was the person who held the fort?
SherShah.

17. What was the Komagata Maru episode?
The Komagata Maru was a Japanese vessel that was hired to take a large number of Punjabis to Canada. The passengers were not allowed to disembark and they therefore made their way back to India. The Komagata Maru on return, docked at Budge-Budge near Calcutta. The British ordered the passengers to go to Punjab in a special train. Those who wanted to go to Calcutta refused to do so and were fired upon, leaving eighteen dead and twenty nine not being accounted for.

18. When was the Champaran Agitation launched?
The Champaran agitation was launched in the Champaran district of Bihar. It was against the English landlords who used to force the peasants, to cultivate indigo. When synthetic indigo was discovered they began to force the peasants to pay them compensation for not growing indigo any longer.

19. When was the Poona Pact signed by Mahatma Gandhi and Dr. B.R. Ambedkar?
In 1932.

20. In 1927, the British Government appointed the Indian Statutory Commission. How was it popularly known as?
Simon Commission.
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21. Which Saint inspired the Marathas with ideals of social reform and national regeneration?
Saint Samarth Ramdas.

22. In the Rigveda, a daughter is sometimes referred to as 'duhitr'. What is the literal translation of the word?
One who milks the cow.

23. Timur was the ruler of?
Samarkhand,Central Asia

24. Chandragupta was succeeded by?
Samudragupta

25. What were the Morley Minto reforms?
In 1909, the reforms introduced by Morley and Minto provided for the association of qualified Indians with the Government of India to a greater extent in deciding public queries.

26. Which kingdom did Shahaji Bhonsale, Shivaji's father serve initially?
The Nizam Shahis of Ahmednagar. When Shah Jahan captured Ahmednagar, Shahaji sought service with the Sultan of Bijapur.

27. Which place did Vasco da Gama reach when he found a new route to India?
Calicut. Now known as Kozhikode

28. Akbar's tomb is situated at?
Sikandrabad

29. Where is JalHanwala Baug?
In Amritsar.

30. The first woman ruler in India was?
Razia Begum
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31. What were the Dastaks?
They were passes that the East India Company had the right to issue for the movement of goods. The East India Company did not pay any taxes on these goods.

32. In which language did Shankaradeva, a Bhakti Saint, propagate his views?
Assamese.

33. Who did General Hugh Rose refer to as'the only man among the rebels'?
Rani Lakshmibai.

34. Who was the Qutub Minar dedicated to?
The Sufi saint Qutbuddin Bakhtiyar Kaki and not Qutbuddin Aibak as people mistakenly assume.

35. What did the Charter Act of 1833 achieve?
It divested the East India Company of its commercial functions.

36. He was a member of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Army. He was sentenced to death for his role in the Kakori train conspiracy. He composed the revolutionary song,'Sarfaroshi ki tamana ab hamare dil mein hai.....' Name him.?
Ram Prasad Bismil. (1897-1927).

37. The last Governor-General of India was?
C.Raja Gopalachari

38. Who gave the slogan'Do or Die'?
Mahtma Gandhi. While launching the Quit India movement.

39. In April 1930, the revolutionary Surya Sen led an activity. What was it?
He organised an armed raid on the government armoury at Chittagong.

40. The Mughal ruler who was to recruit Rajput nobles in his administration was?
Akbar
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